*80*

A **stem-and-leaf plot** is a chart we can use to display data by splitting up each value in a dataset into a *stem *and a *leaf*.

Here is an example of a stem-and-leaf plot for a given dataset, created by the Statology Stem-and-Leaf Plot Generator:

The *stem *for each value is simply the first digit of the value while the *leaf *is the second digit of the value.

Now let’s find out how to create a stem-and-leaf plot in Excel.

**Example: Stem-and-Leaf Plot in Excel**

Use the following steps to create a stem-and-leaf plot in Excel.

**Step 1: Enter the data.**

Enter the data values in a single column:

**Step 2: Identify the minimum and maximum values.**

**Step 3: Manually enter the “stems” based on the minimum and maximum values.**

**Step 4: Calculate the “leaves” for the first row.**

The following calculation shows how to compute the leaves for the first row. Don’t be intimidated by the length of the formula – it’s actually very simple, just repetitive.

Once you finish typing the formula and click Enter, you will get the following result:

**Step 5: Repeat the calculation for each row.**

To repeat this calculation for each row, simply click on cell D7, hover over the bottom-right hand corner of the cell until a tiny **+ **appears, then double-click. This will copy the formula to the rest of the rows in the Stem-and-Leaf plot:

To double check that your results are correct, you can verify three numbers:

**Make sure the number of individual “leaves” matches the number of observations.**In our example, we have 10 total “leaves” which matches the 10 observations in our original dataset.**Verify the minimum number.**The very first leaf should match the minimum value in your dataset. In our example, we see that the first leaf is “4” and is paired with a stem of “1” which matches the minimum number of “14” in our dataset.**Verify the maximum number.**The very last leaf should match the maximum value in your dataset. In our example, we see that the last leaf is “5” and is paired with a stem of “3” which matches the minimum number of “35” in our dataset.

Once you verify these three numbers, you can be confident that your Stem-and-Leaf plot is correct.

**Additional Resources**

An Introduction to Stem-and-Leaf Plots

An Introduction to Back to Back Stem-and-Leaf Plots